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Grad(The Castle) - Vetrinjska ulica(Vetrinjska street) - Glavni trg(Main square) - Koroska cesta(Koroska street) - Strossmayereva ulica(Strossmayerjeva street) - Oroznova ulica(Oroznova street) - Slomskov trg(Slomsek square) - Gosposka ulica(Gosposka street) - Slovenska ulica(Slovenska street)

Slomsek square

Catholic CathedralFollowing Oroznova ulica, we head towards Slomskov trg (Slomsek Square), architecturally the most harmonious square in Maribor. At Gospejna ulica the modern Univerzitetna knjiznica (University Library) [11] was erected. Built in 1988, the University's five floors occupy 11.500 square meters; two basement floors are used for book storage. The Library building integrates well with the neighbouring neoclassical building of the former town savings bank.

University LibraryThe former parish church in Slomskov trg (Slomsek Square) has served from 1859 on as Maribor' s main Catholic Church [12] (it was consecrated to St. John the Baptist). Its immediate surroundings the oval, elevated terrace with small stone columns and pyramidal oak trees was designed by the great Slovene architect Joze Plecnik. He was attentive to the fact that until 1783 the Cathedral was surrounded by an outdoor Church reception area, with an adjacent cementery. At his direction, its tombstones, reminders of the old cementery, were built into the outer Cathedral walls. Plecnik's ideas were executed by the architect Branko Kocmut, who also supervised the design of the whole Square. The church was built in the twelfth century, in the then Romanesque style. The arcades that span thet aisles with the main nave are reminders of that period. At that time the church took the form of a three-aisle basilica. In 1430, it got the present presbytery , with a vestry and staircase tower , between 1455-1460 the groined vaulting in the side aisles was added, together with a choir enclosure. Around 1520, the main aisle of the church was vaulted, adding to its height. But, by that time, the church building already incorporated some features that were not typically Gothic but rather characteristic of the Renaissance. In 1623 the church got its present bell tower (built by Pavel Porta). However, at the end of the eighbteenth century, it was struck by lightening, and the church officials reduced its height to the present 57 metres. In 1969, the bell tower was renovated. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the church was richly appointed in the Baroque style, thus obviating its Gothic features. Slomsek squareThe pulpit, rich with gilt ornaments, dates from the same period. In 1715, at the southern side of the church, a chapel dedicated to St. Xavier was added, and at the northern side, the Chapel of the Cross. In 1771, the famous Maribor sculptor Jozef Holzinger decorated the carved pews in the chancel with basreliefs depicting the scenes recorded in the Gospel According to St. John. In 1775 he carved the statues for the Chapel of the Cross. the Chapel's esthetic appearance was enhanced when the artist J. A. Molck decorated its ceiling. On Florian's alter there is a late Gothic statue of the Madonna with The Child, one of the truly valuable examples of Gothic sculpting in Slovenia. Between 1938-1940, the interior of the church was renovated by the architect Marjan Music. The pseudo-Gothic reconstructions from the previous century were removed and the harmony of the earlier Romanesque, Gothic, and Baroque features was restored to the church.

Anton Martin SlomsekIn the church, at the right side of the chancel, is the statue of Archbishop Anton Martin Slomsek (1800-1862), a fiery nationalpatriot. During the World War II air raids the stained-glass windows shattered. After the war, they were replaced by modern windows with church scenes painted on them by Stane Kregar. The baptismal font in St. Xavier's Chapel, as well as some of the chandeliers over the main aisle, are also in the modern period. In 1981, the church got an excellent organ from the worksbop of E. F. Walzker, of Murrhard, Germany. On the occasion of the 130th anniversary of the transfer of the seat of the Diocese to Maribor (1989), the church's exterior was freshly painted. In 1970, at the northern side of the terrace, the renovated late Gothic churchyard beacon, dating from 1517, was installed. Close by is a stone depiction of a sleeping lion, which is said to have been discovered in the Drava riverbed at Starse, near Maribor. It is a tomb monument dating from the first or second century B.C. Both monuments are visible components of the architectural design of the Square.

The facade of Slovensko narodno gledalisce (the Slovene National Theatre) [13] faces the northwestern part of Slomskov trg (Slomsek Square). the Theatre stretches along Gledaliska and Slovenska ulica. The front of the former casino building also faces Slomskov trg. It was finished in 1865. Until the end of World War I, it was the scene of the social life of Maribor Germans. The most distinguished of the rooms in the casino was the Great Hall. There was also a reading room, coffee room, and restaurant. Later, a movie theatre was added. From 1921 to 1951 (except during the occupation years) the building also had a library, and for many years housed an adult education program. Theatre buildingA theatre building was erected behind the casino complex in 1852. Both were renovated a number of times during the century. After 1951 the facilities have been used only by the Theatre and its companies. In 1978 a multi-phased restoration and renovation of the Theatre building began. In 1983 dressing rooms were added at its northern side (Slovenska ulica). In 1987 restoration work on the casino hall was completed, together with the foyer, entrance halls, and corridors in the casino building. In 1986 construction work started on the new Theatre hall. It has 896 seats (when needed this could be enlarged to seat 1000), a large stage, and a small stage in the basement, where there is also a restaurant. On the ground floor there is a coffee bar. The new hall will also accommodate concerts and meetings. The space between the renovated facade of the casino and the facade of the new Theatre is embellished with the statue of the muse Thalia, the work of sculptor Janez Pirnat. The conceptualization of the renovation and the construction of the Theatre complex are the work of the architects Branko Kocmut and Mirko Zdovec (both designed the University Library). In front of the Theatre is a park, with trees planted in 1891. The centre of the park has a pool with a fountain and a statue of "Korlek", the work of the sculptor Gabrijel Kolbic. The western part of the Square is closed off by the imposing building of the former town savings bank. Today it houses a youth club, a teacher's club, several vocational schools, and part of the elementary school Prezihov Voranc.

The Post office building is south of the Square. It was erected on the site of the former poorhouse, the Church of St. Spirit (when it was demolished). The Church in 1805, gave the roof to the theatre, which occupied the building until 1852. Later the building served as a girls' school and hospital. At the eastern side of the Square, building number 5 is of considerable historical and cultural importance. Presently, it houses a pensioners' club; before that, it was a coffee house named Rotovz. For some time, the building served as the editorial office of Slovenski narod ("The Slovene Nation") journal; a plaque on the building wall commemorates this. The adjacent building (Slomskov trg 3) is a good example of Biedermeyer architecture. Of special interest here are the iron gate and the shutters. The building at Slomskov trg 19 serves as the seat of the Diocese [14]. Before its transfer to Maribor from St. Andraz in Carinthia, the building was the property of the French Counts Jugnys. The townspeople bought it from them and added a second floor and courtyard wing. The neigbbouring house at number 20 was used as a military storage house until 1890, when it was turned into the rectory (the old rectory adjacent to the Church was torn down when they built a new post office). In 1968 the building was renovated and two more stories were added. It now serves the Maribor branch of the Ljubljana Theological Faculty and features a large Diocesan ante-room and assembly hall.

RotovzIt is well worth taking a few steps from Slomskov trg to Rotovski trg (Rotovz Square). This is a small Square, and architecturally very inviting. Its pleasing impression is heightened by the arcades of the Town Hall, with columns on the ground and first floors. The vaulted pass through the Town Hall leads to Glavni trg (the Main Square). The western side of Rotovski trg (number 2) is occupied by Mariborska knjiznica (the Central Maribor Library) and Lutkovno gledalisce (the Professional Puppet Theatre) [15]. The pub "Mokar's Cellar" was once located to the north of Rotovzki trg. For many years Mokar' s Cellar provided rooms for Slovenska citalnica (the Slavic Reading Club), a cultural political society of Slovenes in Maribor. The Central Children's Library in Maribor is at number 6. Formerly flour merchants occupied the Square. Well into the eighteenth century, bulls were sold there at livestock auctions. Immediately before World War II, and even after it, the Square hosted outdoor theatrical and opera performances.